As 2020 nears its end and it has been a year like no other. The summer vacation was either canceled or truncated. Our eating-out bill went down while our staying-in bill (streaming subscriptions, house repairs, toilet paper, and food delivery) has gone up. Add these incidentals to the seismic economic shifts in Washington, and thanks to new legislation, we find our end-of-the-year checklist may need not just a dusting off but a serious revision. Even though tax time doesn’t come to a crunch until next winter, your deadlines for 2020 activity will end when 2020 does. So don’t overlook some classic tax strategies that haven’t changed, outlined below.
Roth Conversion Cutoff
The Roth conversion is pretty much a standard financial maneuver that can help you save big in taxes over the long run. Simply put, your IRA contributions would be post-tax rather than pre-tax under a Roth, and thus you have control over how much tax is paid now versus the future.
The conversion process from a traditional IRA to a Roth is relatively simple but can only be done once a year, hence its presence on your checklist. Ensure you have the capital free to do a conversion, and then get yourself into the tax-free territory.
Itemizing Versus Minimum Standard Deduction
As previously mentioned, one major change to taxes after the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act is the change in the minimum standard deduction. These ceilings went up dramatically, now sitting at $12,400 for single taxpayers ($24,800 for married, filing jointly).
These changes have converted many former itemizers into standard deduction recipients, which means a difference in your tax planning strategy. Charitable giving, medical expenses, home mortgage interest, and other items will have to be accounted for if you itemize, or conversely, your tax planning will be simplified.
Charitable giving is another standard tax efficiency move, especially helpful if it involves giving you’re already doing. Tithing regularly to a local congregation? Giving monthly gifts to your favorite non-profit? All of this can help to reduce your tax footprint.
But this conversation dovetails with the changes in the minimum standard deduction mentioned above. Whether you itemized or take the standard deduction will change the way you give and the way you plan your taxes.
Bunching or bundling contributions can be a way to bring up your itemized deductions. Doubling or tripling your contributions one year may put you in a better place taxwise rather than stretching the contributions over that time. Again, this is something to have in place before the year’s end.
Check your Maximums
Have you maxed out your annual accounts? Just a few for 2020:
- 401(k) – $19,500 ($26,000 if you’re age 50 or older)
- Health Savings Account (HSA) – $7,100 families ($1,000 catch-up contribution if you’re age 55 or older)
- IRA (Roth or Traditional) – $6,000 ($7,000 if you’re age 50 or older)
Make sure you’re reaching your goals on these accounts and others, especially if you have an employer match on your 401(k). Be mindful of the tax implications of these accounts, and take full advantage of those treatments by beating the deadlines. Again, tax crunch time is a few months away, but now is the time to get these important funds in place.
New Tax Planning Checkboxes
Here are a few new checkboxes you may want to pencil in on your year-end tax checklist for 2020. The biggest change this year between Washington and Wall Street has been the CARES Act, which made some temporary, but significant changes to the financial planning landscape. Let’s look at a few that could affect your year-end tax planning checklist for 2020.
Required Minimum Distributions (RMD)
RMDs are part of life if you’re over 72 and you have a traditional 401(k) or non-Roth IRA. You didn’t pay taxes on the money going into the accounts, and the RMDs are the way to get those taxes when the money is withdrawn.
As per the CARES Act, RMDs are suspended for 2020 to allow you to spend or save according to your needs. The SECURE Act also recently changed the landscape with RMDs, raising the required age to 72 and eliminating the “stretch IRA” option for inherited accounts.
There are two specific employer benefits provided by the CARES Act that can benefit you as a business owner or employee in 2020. If like any wise employer, you know it’s more than simply salary that keeps your good workers in-house, these benefits can work for you.
Disaster relief payments
COVID-19 is what the IRS calls a “qualified disaster” – meaning a company could provide employees with “qualified disaster relief” grants which have a favorable tax treatment for both parties.
If a company decided to provide its staff with a $1,000 bonus as they navigate life affected by the virus, they could designate these as “qualified disaster relief.” Under this program, there are no payroll taxes for employees or employers, and they aren’t considered a “taxable gift” as they would be in the past.
Educational assistance payments
Employees can already exclude from regular gross income assistance from employers for education up to $5,250 a year. For example, an employee gets an MBA essentially “paid for” by an employer under this program, and the assistance they receive is not considered part of their taxable income.
The CARES Act has expanded the definition of “educational assistance” to include payments on qualified educational loans. So not only can an employer offer educational assistance to entice good help, they can offer help with loans the student already has. Under the program, up to $5,250 in bonuses can be tax-free for employers and employees.
New Coronavirus-related Distribution Exception
The CARES Act also allows for an exception this year for families directly affected by COVID-19. If you or a family were diagnosed, or if you experienced direct financial consequences from the virus (layoff, furlough, etc.), then you may qualify.
Under this exception, you can take up to $100,000 from your IRA to help with expenses. You won’t incur the 10% penalty for distributions taken before age 59.5. This distribution will automatically be spread over the next three years from a tax perspective, allowing you to use funds for immediate needs while mitigating the tax hit.
Time is Even More of the Essence
If it’s possible, time is even more of the essence for year-end tax wrap-up in 2020. Yearly deadlines are coming up, and temporary deadlines from legislation this year are upon us as well. Whatever Washington is bringing our way, we can take advantage of tax-planning strategies now.
This content is developed from sources believed to be providing accurate information and provided by ANCHORY LLC. It may not be used for the purpose of avoiding any federal tax penalties. Please consult legal or tax professionals for specific information regarding your individual situation. The opinions expressed and material provided are for general information and should not be considered a solicitation for the purchase or sale of any security.